Trans-Pacific Networks: Revolution, Religion, and Trans-cultural Communication (革命与宗教:一场跨太平洋的历史文化交流)

  • 中国的保皇派与革命派在北美有着怎样的互动?
  • 中国第一个女性政治组织在北美成立?
  • 孙中山、秘密社会、立宪制度、政治暗杀与北美都有何关联?
  • 西方的基督教组织如何在北京动员年轻女性?
  • 北京成员如何实现西方基督教组织的本地化?
  • 本地化的基督教组织如何在中国现代化进程中起到举足轻重的作用?

敬请关注本期讲座这是两位历史学家展开的一场关于跨太平洋历史文化交流的深刻对话

陈忠平教授 University of Victoria

著作包括新著Transpacific Reform and Revolution: The Chinese in North America, 1898−1918 (Stanford University Press, 2023),《商会与近代中国的社团网络革命》 (江苏人民出版社, 2023)、四部著作以及60余篇学术文章

张爱华助理教授 Gardner-Webb University

著作包括新著The Beijing Young Women’s Christian Association, 1927-1937: Materializing a Gendered Modernity (Lexington Books, 2021)以及多篇学术文章

探索知识的边界: 学术人士的使命与挑战

通过19世纪30年代至20世纪30年代百年中国社会与三大全球性变化之间的互动:

  1. 西方工业化国家所发起的鸦片战争
  2. 以上海为中心的亚洲商业网络的形成以及中国内部跨区域贸易的转型
  3. 西方蒸汽航行技术的到来和广泛运用。

张信教授将与大家一起探究这些变化与当时世界各地的变动形成对应和密切的关系。

同时,张信教授也将分享人生经历和学术体验,包括为何选择研究历史、如何应对研究压力和煎熬,,以及如何通过了解历史来认识人生的意义。

值此夏至之际,留美历史学会很荣幸地请到在中国史学研究领域享有盛誉的张信教授为我们主讲 History Matters 系列讲座的第二讲,与大家分享他的新书 – The Global in the Local: A Century of War,Commerce, and Technology in China (Harvard, 2023). 我代表理事会的同事们恳切邀请大家在美国东部时间六月二十四日(本周六)晚九点/北京时间六月二十五日(周日)早九点参加这项有意义的网上学术活动。

张教授这部新作通过对大量原始资料的刨析和历史文献的考量将以上海为中心的十九世纪三十年代至二十世纪三十年代中国地方史和全球史有机地结合在一起。以镇江为例,张教授指出这座城市的人们并不是西方帝国主义侵略下的无助受害者,而是在挑战中抓住机遇,在参与跨区域贸易和促进中国新兴商业体系方面发挥了他们的主动性和创新精神,从而在扩展中国与亚洲和世界其他国家的经济联系中发挥了重要作用。此书赢得了许多著名中国史学家的盛赞。在三月份的亚洲学 (Association for Asian Studies) 的年会上, 几位资深学者,包括William Kirby, 还专门为张教授的新书组织了一个圆桌会议进行讨论。

在这次为留美历史学会的专讲中,张教授不仅会与我们介绍他的新发现、新观点,还会分享他的研究方法以及他的既曲折又令人鼓舞的研究历程。 更为可贵的是,张教授在分析了大量史学文献的基础上还会为我们勾画出中国史学研究的走向。

希望在zoom 网上见到大家!

顺致夏安,

孙怡及所有CHUS理事会员

https://charlotte-edu.zoom.us/j/92112599956?pwd=RmxlWkJnaEZPU010eXpSU3hFUDdBdz09

Memory, Gender and Reconciliation

“Memory, Gender and Reconciliation: Rural and Urban Women in the People’s Republic of China, 1949-Present”

Hilton Union Square, Union Square 19&20

Chair: Dewen Zhang, Randolph-Macon College

Papers:

Memory, Trauma, and Reconciliation: A Peasant Woman’s Journeys from Mao to Now

Qiong Zhang, Wake Forest University

From Mao’s Campaigns to Deng’s Reforms: Memory, Education, and Gender

Aihua Zhang, Gardner–Webb University

Visibilities and Invisibilities of Women’s Work and Bodies in Socialist China

Qin Fang, McDaniel College

“From an Internal Immigrant to a Local Leader of Women”: An Odyssey of Chen Yingmei during China’s Dramatical Transition

Patrick Fuliang Shan, Grand Valley State University

Comment: Dewen Zhang, Randolph-Macon College

Panel Abstract

Treating the history of the People’s Republic of China before and after Mao as a collective whole, this panel traces ordinary women’s lives which span those decades of dramatic transformations in the spheres of national politics, economy, society and gender. Using both rural and urban women’s life experiences as windows to look at the unfolding of national history, this panel is concerned with the intersectionality between macrohistory and microhistory. It also raises new questions on the periodization of the People’s Republic of China by treating the Mao and post-Mao era as a continuous background in these ordinary women’s lives.

This panel also attempts to address the issue of possibilities and constraints faced by historians treating their mothers as subjects of research. These papers experiment with oral history methods and interrogate the relationship between gender and memory. Together, the panel explores questions such as gender-specific memory that informs Chinese women’s common and unique experiences in the history of the PRC. In the meantime, these papers inquire into the roles of emotion and intimacy in historian’s intellectual labor. 

Paper Abstracts

Qiong Zhang, “Memory, Trauma, and Reconciliation: A Peasant Woman’s Journey from Mao to Now”

At 77, Yingzhen lives with her husband in a newly developed neighborhood of XX town, the seat of a rural district (formerly a county) within Guilin Municipality in Guangxi Autonomous Region.  Like many of her neighbors here, she is a rural migrant; her official residence belongs to a farm village that lies in a remote corner of the district hours of bus ride away.  She left the village to join her husband in the mid-1990s, after their three children all graduated from college and settled in the cities. Until then, they had lived apart most of the time, as her husband worked for a county office as a temporary worker and was stationed in a different rural town of the county every several months, while Yingzhen carried on farm work at home and raised their children.  Yingzhen looks on her life today with a modest sense of contentment and triumph. Yet deep in her heart there is a wound that remains to be healed.

Born to a pair of diligent and enterprising parents who would soon be classified as “landlords”, this “daughter of the Republic” experienced Mao’s political campaigns as a victim.  She lost her parents and two elder brothers during those campaigns, and her “bad” family origin subjected her to constant abuse within the village and her extended family, which compromised her authority over her own children. The transition to the Reform Era meant true liberation, but the memories from the past continue to haunt her. This paper presents Yingzheng’s recollections of farm labor and village life under Mao and her continuing struggle to reconcile with that history, while also exploring the challenges and limitations of doing oral history with an illiterate subject.

Aihua Zhang, “From Mao’s Campaigns to Deng’s Reforms: Memory, Education, and Gender”

My mother was born to an urban clerk’s family. Upon graduating from a normal university in 1960, she started her teaching career and had stuck to it for more than thirty years until her retirement as school principal in 1993. She witnessed and experienced China’s momentous events in the latter half of the twentieth century. This paper records her memory of how the mass campaigns Chairman Mao launched affected her life, marriage, and work, and how Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms brought her new opportunities and challenges. As a female teacher, education and gender played a crucial role in her life. She benefited from her education backgrounds, which ironically led to her maltreatment during the Cultural Revolution and put her in a tension with those colleagues who received their degree as Work-Peasant-Solider graduates. Her gender contributed to her promotion to the school’s leadership, a position that sometimes required her to go beyond her administrative duties to intervene in teachers’ personal lives. In contrast, she was affected by the traditional gender bias. As a result, she had to juggle the responsibilities as a wife, mother, daughter-in-law, teacher, and leader. Her personal life’s ups and downs were closely linked with China’s shifts and turns, reflecting the interlocking relationships among state, career, family, and gender on a micro level.      

Qin Fang, “Visibilities and Invisibilities of Women’s Work and Body in Socialist China” 

In the 1950s, women in both rural and urban areas of China were motivated to break away from the obstacles of traditional society and help build a new China. Li Kexiang (1947- ) was one such woman who dedicated her youth to the country and the factory. Kexiang graduated from middle school in 1963 and was immediately recruited to work in a textile factory. She was proud of her working-class identity and was selected to be trained as a statistician. Later, she became the only female electrician in the factory. Kexiang’s gender views aligned with the ideals promoted by new China, as she often mentioned that “men and women were equal” and “both women and men could excel in science.” Additionally, she was proud to be a mother of two daughters. 

However, Kexiang also expressed discomfort in her factory work, including tensions with colleagues, difficulty with three or four shift schedules, and insomnia problems. She also struggled to have her daughters included in the state’s medical welfare. Kexiang’s memories were often conflicted, revealing both the possibilities and limitations of socialist China’s gender equality ideals and the complex intersection of gender, class, work, and family.  

The memories of Kexiang provide valuable insight into the experiences of ordinary women in new China and how they navigated the challenges and opportunities of this era. By examining Kexiang’s memories and narratives about her workplaces, marriage, housing, and child upbringing, this paper explores the ways in which the history of new China and the memories of Kexiang were interconnected and have shaped our interpretation of socialist China. The paper aims to investigate the extent to which Kexiang’s memories can inform us about her understanding of new China and the ways she dealt with the various challenges she faced in her life and work. Furthermore, the paper explores the ways in which the visual and invisible aspects of women’s bodies and work are embedded in their daily lives. 

Patrick Fuliang Shan, “‘From an Internal Immigrant to a Local Leader of Women’: an Odyssey of Chen Yingmei during China’s Dramatical Transition”

Chen Yingmei was born in 1937 when the Japanese invaded China. When she was young, she witnessed China’s dramatical changes, including Japan’s invasion, China’s civil war, and the communist takeover of the country. Because her family engaged in local business, she was able to gain her education from primary school. Then, the Great Leap Forward forced her family out from the original prosperous commercial town to a remote rural area, because her town along with the entire region would be removed in order to build a huge man-made lake. It was a project of the Great Leap Forward. Thus, she became an internal immigrant and had to settle down in a faraway location. Needless to say, the relocation ruined her prosperous family life. After that, fortunately, she landed a job at the local Supply and Marketing Cooperative (gongxiaoshe) where she worked for decades. In the early 1980s, she became the chairperson of the local township women’s association. She had tried hard to protect local women for decades, for which she got many awards including the one from the provincial government in Henan as a model leader for women. This paper is intended to trace her life which paralleled the history of the People’s Republic of China from the 1950s to the new century.